Addons

An addon is a composer package you intend to reuse, distribute, or sell. For simple or private packages, consider implementing directly into your Laravel application.

Writing Stage: Writing the Draft

Creating an addon

Eventually, an addon will be available on Packagist and installable through Composer (and therefore live inside your vendor directory). During development however, you can keep it somewhere on your local filesystem and require it in your composer.json as a path repository.

If you don’t plan on distributing your addon, you may be fine with application code.

An addon consists of at least a composer.json and a service provider. Your directory may be placed anywhere, but for the sake of this example, we’ll put it in addons/example

/
|-- addons/
|   `-- example/
|       |-- src/
|       |   `-- ServiceProvider.php
|       `-- composer.json
|-- app/
|-- public/
`-- composer.json
{
    "name": "acme/example",
    "description": "Example Addon",
    "type": "statamic-addon",
    "autoload": {
        "psr-4": {
            "Acme\\Example\\": "src"
        }
    },
    "authors": [
        {
            "name": "Jason Varga"
        }
    ],
    "support": {
        "email": "support@statamic.com"
    },
    "extra": {
        "statamic": {
            "name": "Example",
            "description": "Example addon"
        },
        "laravel": {
            "providers": [
                "Acme\\Example\\ServiceProvider"
            ]
        }
    }
}

Note the service provider should extend Statamic\Providers\AddonServiceProvider, and not Illuminate\Support\ServiceProvider. The Statamic subclass provides you with some helpers to reduce boilerplate when compared to stock Laravel.

<?php

namespace Acme\Example;

use Statamic\Providers\AddonServiceProvider;

class ServiceProvider extends AddonServiceProvider
{
    //
}

In your project root’s composer.json, add your package to the require and repositories sections, like so:

{
    "require": {
        "acme/example": "*"
    },
    "repositories": [
        {
            "type": "path",
            "url": "addons/example"
        }
    ]

Run composer update from your project root (not your addon directory).

composer update

If you’ve been following correctly, you should see these two lines amongst a bunch of others.

Discovered Package: acme/example
Discovered Addon: acme/example

Your addon is now installed. You should be able to go to /cp/addons and see it listed.

Installing an addon

Public addons

A public addon is one available as a composer package on packagist.org. Simple require it with composer:

composer require vendor/package

After the composer package has been brought in, Statamic will automatically activate it and publish its assets.

Private addons

A private addon is one not on packagist.org. You will need to use a composer path repository.

Download the package to a directory of your choosing.

In your project root’s composer.json, add the package to the require and repositories sections, like so:

{
    ...

    "require": {
        ...,
        "acme/example": "*"
    },

    ...

    "repositories": [
        {
            "type": "path",
            "url": "addons/example"
        }
    ]

Run composer update from your project root:

composer update

After the composer package has been brought in, Statamic will automatically activate it and publish its assets.

Registering Components

You may register your various addon components by adding their class names to corresponding arrays:

protected $tags = [
    \Acme\Example\Tags\First::class,
    \Acme\Example\Tags\Second::class,
    // etc...
];

protected $modifiers = [
    //
];

protected $fieldtypes = [
    //
];

protected $widgets = [
    //
];

protected $commands = [
    //
];

Assets

CSS and Javascript

In your service provider, you may register any number of stylesheets or scripts by providing their full paths.

protected $scripts = [
    __DIR__.'/../resources/js/example.js'
];

protected $stylesheets = [
    __DIR__.'/../resources/css/example.css'
];

This will do two things:

  • Statamic will load the respective files in the Control Panel. It will assume they exist in public/vendor/[vendor]/[package].js and css directories.
  • Mark the file for publishing when the artisan vendor:publish command is used.
php artisan vendor:publish --provider=YourServiceProvider --force

When an end user installs or updates your addon, the vendor:publish command will automatically be run behind the scenes for them.

During development of your addon, rather than constantly running vendor:publish, consider symlinking your directory:

ln -s /path/to/addons/example/resources public/vendor/example/package

Publishables

You may also mark generic assets for publishing by providing a publishables array with the full path to the origin and the destination directory.

protected $publishables = [
    __DIR__.'/../resources/images' => 'images',
];

Routing

Registering Routes

You may register three types of routes in your service provider.

protected $routes = [
    'cp' => __DIR__.'/../routes/cp.php',
    'actions' => __DIR__.'/../routes/actions.php',
    'web' => __DIR__.'/../routes/web.php',
];

Control Panel Routes

Control Panel routes will be automatically prefixed by /cp (or whatever URL the control panel has been configured to use) and will have authorization applied.

We recommend prefixing routes with your addon’s name but we didn’t enforce this explicitly to give you a bit more flexibility.

Action Routes

Action routes will be prefixed by /!/addon-name and are generally intended as front-end “actions” your addon may expose without being a prominent section of the website. For example, somewhere to process a form submission.

Web Routes

Web routes have no prefix and no Statamic middleware attached. They will be added at the root level, as if you were adding them to a standard Laravel app’s routes/web.php file, giving you complete control. However, as a Laravel route, they will have the web middleware attached.

Writing Routes

When referencing a controller in a route, it will automatically be namespaced to your addon’s root namespace.

"autoload": {
    "psr-4": {
        "Acme\\Example\\": "src"
    }
},
Route::get('/', 'ExampleController@index'); // Acme\Example\ExampleController

If you’d prefer not to have separate route files, you can write routes into a closure directly in your service provider’s boot method.

public function boot()
{
    parent::boot();

    $this->registerCpRoutes(function () {
        Route::get(...);
    });

    $this->registerWebRoutes(function () {
        Route::get(...);
    });

    $this->registerActionRoutes(function () {
        Route::get(...);
    });
}

Other than that, you’re free to write routes as per any Laravel application.

Route Model Binding

Statamic uses route model binding to automatically convert some route parameters into usable objects.

Words aligning with core Statamic concepts will automatically be converted to their appropriate objects: collection, entry, taxonomy, term, asset_container, asset ,global, site, revision, form, and user

You’re free to use these words as your route parameters, but be aware they will automatically attempt to convert to the respective objects. For example:

public function example(Request $request, $entry)
{
    // Given a route of "/example/{entry}", when visiting "/example/123"
    // $entry will be an Entry object with an ID of 123.
    // There will be a 404 if an entry with an ID of 123 doesn't exist.
}

Middleware

You may push your own middleware onto respective middleware groups using the $middlewareGroups property. The keys are the names of the groups, and the values are arrays of middleware classes to be applied.

protected $middlewareGroups = [
    'statamic.cp.authenticated' => [
        YourCpMiddleware::class,
        AnotherCpMiddleware::class
    ],
    'web' => [
        YourWebMiddleware::class
    ],
];

Available middleware groups are:

Group Description
web Front-end web requests, defined in the project’s App\Http\Kernel class.
statamic.web Statamic-specific front-end web requests. This includes routes that correspond to content (like entries), as well as manually defined routes using Route::statamic(). These will also have web middleware applied.
statamic.cp All control panel requests (even ones not protected by authentication, like the login page).
statamic.cp.authenticated Control panel routes behind authentication. Anything in there can assume there will be an authenticated user available. These will also have the statamic.cp middleware applied.

Views

Any views located in your resources/views directory will automatically be available to use in your code using your package name as the namespace.

/
|-- src/
`-- resources/
    `-- views/
        `-- foo.blade.php
// assuming your package is named vendor/my-addon
return view('my-addon::foo');

If you want to customize the namespace, you can set the $viewNamespace property on your provider:

protected $viewNamespace = 'custom';
return view('custom::foo');

Events

You may register any number of event listeners or subscribers the same way you would in a traditional Laravel application’s EventServiceProvider – by using a $listen or $subscribes array:

protected $listen = [
    'Acme\Example\Events\OrderShipped' => [
        'Acme\Example\Listeners\SendShipmentNotification',
    ],
];

protected $subscribe = [
    'Acme\Example\Listeners\UserEventSubscriber',
];

Consult the Laravel event documentation to learn how to define events, listeners, and subscribers.

Scheduling

To define a schedule from your addon, you can add a schedule method just like you would typically see in a Laravel application’s App\Console\Kernel class.

protected function schedule($schedule)
{
    $schedule->command('something')->daily();
}

Consult the Laravel scheduling documentation to learn how to define your schedule.

Betterify this page on Github!