Collections are containers that hold groups of related entries. Each entry in a collection can represent a blog post, product, recipe, or even chapter of your Family Matters fan fiction novel detailing Steve Urkel's rise to UFC Heavyweight Champion of the world.


Not to be redundant, but Collections are simply containers that hold entries. You can think of them like shoeboxes containing love letters, except they're folders on your server and they're holding text documents. So, not exactly the same thing — or at least, not nearly as romantic.

Each collection holds settings that affect all of its entries. Like URL patterns by way of routes, which fields are available with blueprints, as well as any desired date behaviors.

You can also set default values like template, blueprint, and published status.

A collection is defined by a YAML file stored in the content/collections directory. All accompanying entries will be stored in a sub-directory with a matching name. For example, a blog collection looks like this:



Each entry — at the very least — has a title, published status, id, and probably some content. The content fields are determined by one or more blueprints set on the collection.

Entries are stored as Markdown files inside their collection's respective directory (content/collections/{collection}/ At any time you can edit any entry in your code editor by popping open these files and doing what comes naturally.

Let's go deeper.

We're going to pretend it's currently the summer of '99 and we are journalists covering the Summer X Games. The weather here in San Fransisco is beautiful and 275,000 people are watching Tony Hawk make history.

Here's an entry we might write about the event.

An entry being edited in the Statamic control panel
Entry publishing with only the default content fields.

And here's what the Markdown file would look like:

<!-- content/collections/blog/ -->
title: Tony Hawk lands the first-ever 900
id: 3a28f050-f8d2-4a56-ba8a-314a9d46bf38
It took skateboarding legend Tony Hawk 11 tries, but he finally landed a 900 at the 1999 Summer X Games in a moment that launched the sport into popular consciousness in a new way.

You can create, edit, and delete entries in the control panel or filesystem, it's up to you and your preference in the heat of moment. Let your passion carry you away.

View Data

Each entry has its own unique URL. When you're on it, all of the entry's data will be available in your views as variables. If an entry is missing data, intentionally or not, it will fall back to a series of defaults. We call this fallback logic the cascade.

If a value doesn't exist in one place, it'll check the next place, then the next, and so on, in this order:

  1. The entry
  2. The origin entry (if using localization)
  3. The collection

Setting Default Data

Injecting data into your collection allows you to provide default values for your entries. If entries have these variables set, they will override the collection defaults, but not any data set on the entries themselves.

This is done by adding an inject key in your collection's YAML config file.

# /content/collections/blog.yaml
title: Blog
date: true
past: public
future: private
route: 'blog/{slug}'
sort_dir: desc
template: blog/show
author: jason
show_sidebar: true
show_newsletter_signup: false


Each Collection uses blueprints to define the available fields when creating and editing its entries.

If you don't explicitly create a blueprint, your entries will have a basic set of fields: title, markdown content, slug, etc. Of course, you're able to create your own.

If you create more than one blueprint you'll be given the option to choose which one you want when creating a new entry.

You can hide blueprints from appearing in the new entry menu by activating the Hidden toggle on the blueprint's UI or setting hide: true in the blueprint's yaml file.


All entries need a title. Statamic uses titles to display entries in a consistent way throughout the Control Panel.

Depending on the collection, a dedicated title field might not be useful to you. In this case, you may configure a "title format" which would be used to automatically generate titles from other fields.

For example, a "reviews" collection might just have author, stars, and content fields. You could configure the titles to be "5 star rating by John Smith".

Entry Title Format Setting
Configuring an automated title

When using multiple sites, you may optionally configure the titles on a per site level by using an array:

en: '{stars} star rating by {author:name}'
fr: '{stars} étoiles par {author:name}'

It's worth noting that changes to a collection's title format won't change the titles of existing entries. For it to take affect, you will need to re-save your existing entries.

Hot Tip!

To use modifiers in title formats, make sure to use the {{ Antlers syntax, like this:

{{ headline | ucfirst }}


Slugs are what you would typically use in entry URLs. For an entry named My Entry, the slug might be my-entry.

When creating entries in the Control Panel, if you submit an entry with an empty slug, one will be generated based on the title.

If the entries in a specific collection don't need to have dedicated URLs, or if the entries' route only contains other fields, a slug field may not be useful for you.

You may disable the slug requirement by adding a boolean:

slugs: false

This will prevent collections from automatically adding a slug field.

Hot Tip!

Since Statamic stores entries as files, it uses the slug for the filename. If you disable slugs, it will use the ID instead. (e.g. vs.


If your collection requires a date, as they often do, you can decide how Statamic uses it to control default visibility. For example, you can choose to have dates set in the future to be private (404), which effectively allows you to schedule their publish date.

Alternatively, you could have past dates be private which would make entries act like "upcoming events" that disappear from a list when they're over.

Collection Date Behaviors
Just imagine! This could be you, configuring date behaviors.

Available Date Behaviors

Each of these behaviors is available for future and past dates.

  • public - Entries will be visible in listings and at their own URLs.
  • unlisted - Entries will be hidden in listings but available at their own URLs.
  • private - Entries will be hidden in listings, and their own URLs will 404.
Hot Tip!

Date behaviors are defaults. They can be overridden at the tag level in your templates.

Date Behavior and Published Status

You can override date behavior visibility settings on an entry-by-entry basis by setting published: false on your entry.

Each entry will automatically be assigned one of four possible computed status values, which respects both your collection's date behavior settings, as well as your entry's published setting:

  • published - Entry is published and visible.
  • scheduled - Entry is published, but not yet visible because date is upcoming.
  • expired - Entry is published, but not visible anymore because date has expired.
  • draft - Entry is explicitly hidden via published: false.
Hot Tip!

We recommend filtering and querying against your entry's status (instead of its published boolean) so that you can more easily take advantage of date behavior logic without hassle.

Collection Published Status Filtering
Filter by entry status in your collection listings.


To get more granular and introduce time, add a date field named date to your blueprint and Statamic will respect however you configure it. You can use this approach to have entries publish at a specific times, e.g. 11:45am.

Hot Tip!

If you don't enable the time, all entries on a given day will assume a default time of midnight, or 00:00. If you want to make sure that multiple entries on the same day are ordered in the order you published them, turn the time on.


Flick on the "Orderable" switch in a collection's settings and you'll have a drag and drop UI in the control panel to order the entries. The collection is now "structured". Learn more about structures.

An orderable collection
You can tell these entries are orderable because of the way they are.
Hot Tip!

Order will take precedence when sorting. For example, if you make a dated collection orderable, date will no longer be the default sort order. You still can sort by date by specifying sort="date" on your collection tag.

Constraining Depth

A structured collection will not have a maximum depth unless you set one, allowing you to nest entries as deep as you like. Set the max_depth option to limit this behavior. Setting max_depth: 1 will replace the tree UI with a flat, table-based UI.

An orderable collection with max depth of 1
These reorderable entries have a max depth of 1.

Default Sort Order in Listings

For non-structured collections, you can choose which field and direction to sort the list of entries in the Control Panel by setting the sort_by and sort_dir variables in your collection.yaml. By default the Title field will be used.


Entries receive their URLs from their collection's route setting. You can use standard meta variables in addition to the variables from the collection's blueprint to define your route rule. You can even use computed values or Antlers to do advanced things.

route: /blog/{slug}

If you are building a multi-site and want different routes for different locales:

english: /events/{slug}
french: /evenements/{slug}
Hot Tip!

Statamic does not automatically define route rules. If you want entries in your new collection to have URLs, make sure you define one!

Meta variables

Variable Available
slug always
year when in a dated collection
month when in a dated collection
day when in a dated collection
parent_uri when in an orderable collection and max_depth > 1
depth when in an orderable collection and max_depth > 1
mount when mounted to an entry

Example Routes

Here are a few examples of possible route rules for inspiration. 💡

Wordpress Style

route: /news/{year}/{month}/{day}/{slug}
# example: /news/2019/01/01/happy-new-year

For when you don't care about SEO

route: /{id}
# example: /12345-1234-321-12345

For when you care too much about SEO

route: /{parent_uri}/{slug}.html
# example: /details/project.html

Organizing sports brackets with structures

Here's how we use the depth variable, along with the team_name field from the entry's blueprint.

route: /tournament/round-{depth}/{team_name}
# example: /tournament/round-4/chicago-bulls

For example, if you have a category field in your Products collection and you'd like to your product URLs to depend on it, you can configure a computed value to return the category URL, then use that computed value in your collection's route:

// app/Providers/AppServiceProvider.php
use Statamic\Facades\Collection;
Collection::computed('products', 'category_url', function ($entry, $value) {
return $entry->category?->url();
route: '{{ category_url }}/{{ slug }}'
# example: /categories/wooden-toys/steam-locomotive

Using Antlers to organize gaming articles

You can even use Antlers to get more complicated. Here we'll include the mounted entry at the top level.

mount: 'id-of-games-page'
route: '{{ depth == 1 ?= mount }}/{{ parent_uri }}/{{ slug }}'
# example: /games/zork/how-to-play/controls
Hot Tip!

If you're using Antlers in your route, you must use {{ double curlies }} when referencing variables.

Index route

Once you've set up a route for your entries (e.g. /blog/{slug}) you'll usually want an index page listing all your entries as well. It's important to know that Statamic doesn't create this for you automatically. You need to either:

  • Create an entry in another collection (typically a "pages" collection) that exists as /blog and mount it to your blog collection.
  • Create a custom route that exists at /blog.


Adding a redirect variable to one of your entries will cause an HTTP redirect when visiting its URL.

id: page-book-tickets
title: Book Ticket

A particularly useful example of when you might want to do this is if you need an external link in your nav but creating a completely separate nav would be overkill.

The following redirects are supported:

  • external links (starting with http)
  • internal links (starting with /)
  • other entries or terms (eg. entry::id-of-entry or term::id-of-term)
  • it's first child page (@child) - If there are no child pages you will get a 404
  • a 404 response

Any other strings will be assumed to be a relative link. For example: if the page URL is /my/page and you have redirect: is/here in your entry, you will be redirected to /my/page/is/here.

By default, Statamic will return a 302 status code when redirecting. To return a different status code, make the redirect an array with a status key:

status: 301
Hot Tip!

Entries with redirects will get filtered out of the collection tag by default. You can include them by adding a redirects="true" parameter.

Entry Link Blueprint

When a Collection is structured and you have set Entries in this collection may contain links (redirects) to other entries or URLs. on in the collection settings, you will be presented with the option to create "Links" along with any other available blueprints when you try to create an entry.

This will load a behind-the-scenes blueprint containing title and redirect fields. You are free to modify what's shown on these pages by creating your own entry_link blueprint.


Taxonomies are defined on the collection level, not the blueprint-level. This enforces a tighter content-model, and reduces complexity when configuring blueprints.

Let's imagine you have a product collection. Each entry is a product, and each product has one or more categories. Thus set, no matter what blueprints you configure, each will have a categories field in the sidebar. You'll be able to access any categories on your entries with a {{ categories }} variable loop.

Taxonomies Setting

- categories
- tags


You may mount a collection onto an entry as a way of saying "all these entries belong to this section". When you do this, two neat things happen:

  • The collection will share the URL of the entry.
  • If the entry is listed in a structure, you will see shortcut links to add or edit entries in that collection.
Mounted collections in a structure
Look at those add and edit links!

Mount Setting

You can mount a collection to an entry in the collection configure page (or by specifying the ID of the desired entry in the collection's YAML config file). For example, you might mount a tropical fish collection to a aquarium entry page.

Now you can use mount variable in the route to automatically prepend the mounted entry's URL. So for example, if you mounted a collection to /aquarium with /{mount}/{slug}, all your fish URLs will follow the /aquarium/entry-url pattern. If you later move /aquarium to /house-of-fishies, all your entries will automatically update with /house-of-fishies/entry-url.

title: Our Tropical Fishies
mount: id-of-the-aquarium-entry
route: '/{mount}/{slug}'

Looping through mounted entries

You can loop through all entries in the the mounted collection easily by using the {{ collection }} tag and setting the from value to bind to the mounted collection using mount, like so.

{{ collection :from="mount" }}
{{ title }}
{{ /collection}}
Hot Tip!

If you are coming from Statamic 2, you might have used the {{ entries }} tag pair to loop through mounted collections. That tag is no longer available, and instead, you should use the above approach.

Search Indexes

You can configure search indexes for your collections to improve the efficiency and relevancy of your users searches. Learn how to connect indexes.


Revisions allow you to see the history of any given entry over time. Revisions need to be enabled on the site level (read those docs), and then you can enable them for any collection.

revisions: true


Throughout the control panel you may find buttons that say "Create Entry".

If you would rather them say something more specific (for example, "Create Article"), you may customize them per-collection by adding a translation key.

In lang/en/messages.php, you can add {handle}_collection_create_entry with the appropriate label.

return [
'articles_collection_create_entry' => 'Create Article',

Of course, you may add the same key to messages.php in other language directories as necessary.


When running a multi-site installation, you can have entries exist in multiple sites with different content, or have entries exclusive to a site.

Read about localizing entries

HR: Section
Learn More!

There is more to learn more in these related articles:

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